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Have you ever wondered, how to make easy and inexpensive fish feed?

As we know, the purchase of feed is one component that makes fish production costs high. However, you don't need to worry. Making fish feed is not difficult and can save fish raising costs. Fish feed must have adequate composition and nutritional content so that it will accelerate fish growth. 

Come on, read the article below to find out how to make easy and cheap fish pellets!

Daily Fish Feed Needs

Before moving on to how to make fish feed, you must know the daily needs of fish feed. To find out how much fish feed is needed per day, you need to know the weight of the fish, because the amount of feed that is stocked every day is around 3% of the total fish weight. The total feed is divided to be stocked 2-3 times a day, namely in the morning (at 08.00), afternoon (12.00), and afternoon (16.00).

Periodically, the daily feed requirement for fish is adjusted according to weight gain and changes in population. To find out the average weight and population of fish, you need to do fish sampling. Fish sampling activities are not only to determine the amount of feed given, but also to determine the growth rate of fish.

Composition and Nutrient Content of Good Fish Feed

Like humans, fish need good nutrition in order to live healthily. Therefore, fish need to be given feed with adequate nutritional composition and content. The composition of fish feed that must be present is protein, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, and vitamins.

1. Proteins

Fish need feed with protein content of 20-60%. Protein functions to build muscles, cells and body tissues, especially for fish seeds. Protein is key for growth and health in all types of fish.

2. Carbohydrates

The need for carbohydrates in fish is around 20-30%, consisting of crude fiber and extracts without nitrogen (BETN). Carbohydrates are needed for growth and energy. 

3. Fat

The need for fat content in the feed needed by fish is around 4-18%. The fat needed by fish must come from animal fat or vegetable fat. Fat serves to maintain fish stamina.

However, the fat in fish should not be too high. Excess fat in fish can cause liver damage, disease and premature death. 

4. Minerals

Fish need minerals as much as 2-5%. Minerals in fish are needed to maintain healthy bones, teeth and scales. The main minerals needed are calcium and phosphorus. 

5. Vitamins

Vitamins cannot be produced by the body of fish. Therefore, it must be assisted from feed. Fish need as much as 2-5% vitamins. The need for vitamins in fish is influenced by age, size, growth rate, temperature, and fish feed composition.

Raw Materials for Making Fish Feed

The composition of fish feed raw materials contained in the feed will vary depending on the nutritional needs of each type of fish. Therefore, the selection of feed raw materials is the first step in the manufacture of fish feed. In addition to choosing the ingredients used as raw materials for fish feed, the nutritional content of each raw material must also be known.

The following are types of raw materials derived from animal and vegetable ingredients that are rich in protein for the manufacture of fish feed:

Animal Ingredients for Making Fish Feed

NoRaw materialNutrient content
1.Fish flour22,65% proteins; 15,38% fat; 26,65% ashes; 1,80% fiber; and 10,72% of water.
2.Rebon Flour59,4% proteins; 3,6% fat; 3,2% carbohydrates; and 21.6% of water.
3.Benawa Flour23,38% proteins; 25,33% fat; 0.06% carbohydrates; 11,41% ashes; 11,82% fiber; and 5,43% of water.
4.Shrimp Head Flour48,35% proteins; 6,65% fat; 7,72% ashes; 14,61% coarse fiber; and 17,28% of water.
5.Chick Flour61,65% proteins; 27,30% fat; 2,34% ashes; and 8,80% of water.
6.Silkworm Cocoons Flour46,74% proteins; 29,75% fat; 4,86% ashes; 8,89% fiber; and 9,76% of water.
7.Fish Liver Oil Dregs25,08% proteins; 56,75% fat; 6,60% ashes; and 12.06% of water.
8.Blood Powder71,45% proteins; 0.42% fat; 13,12% carbohydrates; 5,45% ashes; 7,95% fiber; and 5.19% of water.
9.Fish Silage18-20% protein; 1-2% fat; 4-6% ashes; 70-75% water; 1-3% lime; and 0.3-0.9% phosphorus.
10.Chicken Feather Charcoal and Bone Meal25,54% proteins; 3,80% fat; 61,60% ashes; 1,80% fiber; and 5.52% of water.
11.Snail Flour54,29% proteins; 4,18% fat; 30,45% carbohydrates; 4,07% of ashes; 8,3% lime; 20,3% phosphorus; and 7,01% of water.
12.Earthworm Flour72% proteins.
13.Chicken and Duck Eggs12,8% proteins; 11,5% fat; 0.7% carbohydrates; and 74% water.
14.Milk Flour (Skim)35,6% proteins; 1,0% fat; 52.0% carbohydrates; and 3.5% of water.

Vegetable Materials for Making Fish Feed

NoRaw materialNutrient content
1.Bran8,2% proteins; 12,15% fat; 28,62% carbohydrates; 10.5% ashes; 24,46% coarse fiber; and 10.15% of water.
2.Wheat Bran11,99% proteins; 1,48% fat; 64,75% carbohydrates; 0.64% ash; 3,75% coarse fiber; and 17,35% of water.
3.Cantel or Sorghum13,0% proteins; 2,05% fat; 47,85% carbohydrates; 12,6% ash; 13.5% crude fiber; and 10.64% of water.

8,9% proteins; 1,3% fat; 77,3% carbohydrates; 

0.06% ash; and 13,25% of water.

5.Soybean Flour44% protein; 14,3% fat; 29,5% carbohydrates; 5.4% ash; 2.8% fiber; and 8.4% water.
6.Tofu Dregs Flour23,55% proteins; 5,54% fat; 26,92% carbohydrates; 17,03% ashes; 16,53% coarse fiber; and 10.43% of water.
7.Peanut Flour47,9% proteins; 10,9% fat; 25,0% carbohydrates; 4.8% ashes; 3.6% coarse fiber; and 7.8% of water.
8.Coconut Cake17,09% proteins; 9,44% fat; 23,77% carbohydrates; 5,92% ashes; 30.4% coarse fiber; and 13,35% of water.
9.Kapok or Randu seeds27,4% proteins; 5,6% fat; 18,6% carbohydrates; 7,3% ash; 25,3% coarse fiber; and 6.1 % water.
10.Cotton seed19,4% protein; 19,5% fat; 47,8% linoleic fatty acid; 23,4% palmitic fatty acid; and 22,9% oleic fatty acid.
11.Turi Leaf Flour27,54% proteins; 4,73% fat; 21,30% carbohydrates; 20,45% ashes; 14,01% coarse fiber; and 11,97% of water.
12.Lamtoro Leaf Flour36,82% proteins; 5,4% fat; 16,08% carbohydrates; 1,31% ash; 18,14% coarse fiber; and 8.8% water.
13.Cassava Leaf Flour34,21% proteins; 4,6% fat; 14,69% carbohydrates; and 0.12 % of water.

How to Make Fish Feed

In the manufacture of fish feed, the ingredients used are divided into 2 parts according to the protein content, namely supplementary ingredients and basal materials. Supplement ingredients are ingredients that have a protein content of more than 20%. Meanwhile, basal material is a material that has a protein content of less than 20%.

The composition of fish pellets used to make fish feed has requirements, such as high nutrition, easy to process, affordable price, easy to obtain, and does not contain toxins. Given the increasing price of pellets, you can try making your own fish pellets to save on fish production costs.

Ingredients for making fish pellets:

  • Soy flour 200 grams
  • Fish flour 120 grams
  • Blood meal 100 grams
  • Broth 80 grams
  • Vitamin 50 grams
  • Turi leaf flour 350 grams
  • Fine bran 350 grams
  • Flour 100 grams
  • Mineral salts 10 grams
  • Tapioca flour to taste

How to make fish pellets:

  1. Prepare raw materials for making fish feed. Raw materials that are still rough need to be refined first using a grinding machine, then the results of the grinding are sifted to obtain a fine textured flour.
  2. Enter adhesive ingredients, such as tapioca flour, using around 10-20% of the total feed mixture used.
  3. Add enough water to bind the dough. 
  4. Put all the ingredients together, then stir until evenly distributed. Mr / Ms can also use mixers to mix all the ingredients to make it more even.
  5. Print the dough using a pellet press to make it faster and easier.
  6. Dry the feed that has been printed in the sun to dry.
  7. After drying, pack the feed in a waterproof plastic bag and place it in a room with good air circulation.

Also Read: How to Make a Tarpaulin Pool for Fish Cultivation, Easy Guaranteed

Spread Feed More Effectively and Evenly with eFeeder 5!

Previously, you already knew how to make fish pellets that were easy and cheap. Good feed for fish is important to produce healthy and high-quality fish.

To assist you in organizing, spreading, and recording fish feed, eFishery create eFeeders 5 for Fish. eFeeders 5 is a product of eFishery which can help you spread the feed effectively and evenly. With eFeeders 5, you don't have to bother adjusting the dosage and time of feeding the fish.

Let's improve the quality of fish farming with eFeeders 5! Message eFeeders 5 now and feel the ease of practically spreading feed!

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