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How to make a tarpaulin pond is knowledge that you must know before starting fish farming. In fact, tarpaulin ponds were among the types of ponds that Cultivators used the most.

Many may ask, why are tarpaulin pools chosen? Whereas in the world of fish farming, there are many other types of ponds. 

The advantages of tarpaulin ponds compared to other types of ponds are that the manufacturing process is relatively cheap, fish do not smell of mud, are not easily affected by flooding, and water quality can be controlled properly so that fish rarely get sick.

Then, how long can a tarpaulin pool last? Tarpaulin pools can last for 3 years outdoors, whereas if placed indoors they can last for 5 years.

In this article, we will answer your curiosity about tarpaulin ponds, from how to make a tarpaulin pond, types of tarpaulin ponds, to the types of fish that can be cultivated in tarpaulin ponds. Let's see!

5 Important Things How to Make a Tarpaulin Pond for Fish

Before you build a tarpaulin pond, there are a few important things you need to know so that you can build a pond successfully. Here are the 5 keys to success in making a tarpaulin pool.

1. Types of Fish

Before starting cultivation, make sure the fish that you will cultivate are suitable for living in tarpaulin ponds. There are several types of fish that cannot live in tarpaulin ponds, for example fish that have to live in mud pools such as eels.

2. Tarpaulin Pool Height

The tarpaulin pool that you make must be high enough. This is to prevent the fish from jumping out of the pond. So, make sure the pool height is sufficient.

3. Support Framework 

Make sure the pond that is made has a sturdy supporting frame. If the supporting frame is weak, it is feared that the pond will not be strong enough to hold the volume of water, so it will collapse.

4. The ground is flat and not sharp

The soil base used must be level and no stones or sharp objects. This is to prevent the tarpaulin pool from leaking due to being punctured by the object. In addition, avoid using an iron frame that rusts easily. It is better to use strong bamboo splits.

5. Have a Water Sewer

The water drain is used to clean the water when the pool is dirty. Good water quality is key in fish farming. So, your tarpaulin pond must have a good drainage channel so that the water can flow smoothly.

Also Read: Maintain Water Quality in Catfish Ponds in the Following Ways!

Types of Tarpaulin Ponds for Fish Cultivation 

There are 2 types of tarpaulin ponds for fish farming, namely tarpaulin ponds above the ground and tarpaulin ponds in the ground.

1. Tarpaulin Pool Above Ground Level

The advantages of tarpaulin pools on the ground are that they are practical and easy to make. So, you don't have to bother digging the ground anymore. In addition, this type of tarpaulin pool is also not prone to flooding. 

However, this pool is easy to break if the construction is not strong and the pool temperature tends to fluctuate. Therefore, if you want to make a tarpaulin pool on the ground, make sure you use strong material.

2. Tarpaulin Pool in the Ground

In-ground tarpaulin pools are less prone to damage than above-ground tarpaulin pools. The pool temperature is also more stable because the heat is stabilized by the surrounding soil.

The drawback of this type of pond is that it is more susceptible to flooding, so fish easily get out of the pond. In addition, making tarpaulin ponds in the ground is quite difficult compared to above ground, especially because the disposal system and investment are quite large.

How wide is the ideal tarpaulin pool?

Determining the ideal tarpaulin pond area depends on the number of fish that you will cultivate. From this number of fish, you can assess how much stocking density you want and how much tarpaulin pond area is needed. 

In general, the area of a small tarpaulin pool is around 2x3x1 m, while a large tarpaulin pool has a size of 4x5x1 m.

7 Ways to Make the Right and Easy Tarpaulin Pool

There are several ways that you can do to make a tarpaulin pond correctly. Here are 7 ways to make the right tarpaulin pond.

1. Above Ground Tarpaulin Pool

There are several tools that must be prepared to make a tarpaulin pond above the ground, namely tarpaulin, bamboo, wood, metal hoops, pipes and hoses.

The stages of manufacture are as follows:

  • Create a floor plan that has been adjusted to the size of the pool. You can use 2x3x1 or 4x5x1 m in size.
  • Create a solid pond foundation. Make sure the foundation is able to withstand the weight of a large volume of pool water. Here, you can make a frame out of wood or bamboo. 
  • Create a channel for water in and out of your pond. How to do this will be discussed in more detail in the next section.
  • Next, you need to attach the tarpaulin to the framework that has been made. The tarpaulin must be securely attached to the frame so that it does not come off easily.

2. Underground Tarpaulin Pool

Before you start making a tarpaulin pond underground, there are a number of tools that you will need, namely a hoe, tarpaulin, tape measure and bamboo.

After preparing the necessary tools and materials, let's see how to make it.

  • Make a plan for the pool to be built by determining the size of your tarpaulin pool. Generally, an underground tarpaulin pool has a size of 2x3x1 m with a tarpaulin area of 4x5 m.
  • Next, drive the pegs into the land according to the size of the pond that you want to make. Then, hoe the pond area to make holes to size.
  • Make a drain for water in your tarpaulin pond. How to do this will be explained in the next section.
  • Finally, attach the tarpaulin to the pool that you have dug. Make sure the tarpaulin is securely attached so it doesn't come loose.

3. Construction of Water Sewers

Water drains are one of the important components in freshwater pond cultivation. This channel can be used to maintain the quality of the water used.

You need to prepare several materials, such as PVC pipe with a diameter of 1.5 inches, pipe joints, 1 socket cover, sandpaper, hacksaw, knife, and glue.

Stages of manufacture of sewerage as follows:

  • Cut the end of the paralon pipe into two equal parts with a length of 8-10 cm. Then, wrap the sandpaper around the end of the pipe so that it is completely wrapped.
  • Insert the part that has been covered with sandpaper into the connector socket. Then, turn the end of the pipe in the socket in the direction of the sandpaper dressing. This stage is done several times so that the holes become rough. After the holes are rough, remove the sandpaper from the end of the pipe.
  • Place the sheet of tarpaulin between the PVC pipe and the connector. Press carefully so that the sheet of tarpaulin is inserted into the hole in the hole. Make sure there are no leaks by tapping gently so that the joint is tight.
  • Make an incision in the tarpaulin to make a hole. Then, rub the edges of the hole in a circular motion to make it smooth.
  • If you have confirmed that there are no leaks, then add adhesive around the outer connector socket, then cover it with the cover socket.

Types of Fish That Can Be Cultivated in Tarpaulin Ponds

After you have finished making the tarpaulin pond, the next step is to choose the type of fish to be cultivated. So, don't let you choose the wrong fish because not all types of fish can be cultivated in tarpaulin ponds.

This is because several types of fish live in mud ponds, making them less suitable for cultivation in tarpaulin ponds. The following types of fish can be cultivated in tarpaulin ponds:

  1. Gurame fish
  2. Catfish
  3. Catfish
  4. Parrot fish
  5. Pomfret
  6. Fish cork
  7. Goldfish

Develop Fish Farming Business with Kabayan!

Cultivating in any cultivation media, both tarpaulin ponds and earthen ponds, is not a business without problems. However, the fish farming business still has a great opportunity to grow rapidly. For those of you who are interested in developing their fish farming business, eFishery Have Kabayan!

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Kabayan* (Kasih, Pay Later) is a service that provides access to financial institutions so that you can get quality feed and pay for it after harvest. This service can be submitted through the application eFisheryKu or directly to Teams eFishery in the field/eFisheryPoint.

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