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Hello Mr/Mrs Cultivators! Catfish are famous for being easy to cultivate because they can grow in small ponds with high density levels. Therefore, this fish is suitable for cultivation by both novice and senior cultivators. Besides being easy to cultivate, the preparation and stages of catfish cultivation are also not too complicated. Come on, keep reading this article to find out!

Catfish Business Prospects

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Source: eFishery Documentation
Catfish has a wide market opportunity, starting from vegetable vendors, market traders, roadside catfish traders, to luxury restaurants. Catfish are easier to cultivate than other fish because they can withstand being bred in small ponds with not a large capital. In addition, catfish prices also tend to be stable. Catfish are easily marketable fish if the quality is good when harvested. To make catfish sell quickly, you can sell fish through features Fish Stall in app eFisheryKu. Promotion of catfish through word of mouth has also become commonplace for cultivators to market their crops. The more you work with many parties, the easier it will be for your crops to be marketed. To make catfish more salable in the market, you should know the type of catfish meat that is favored by the community. This is because different types of catfish, the taste of the meat is also different. Come on, learn the types of catfish before starting cultivation!

Types of Catfish

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Source: eFishery Documentation

1. Dumbo Catfish

This catfish native to Taiwan can grow faster than the local catfish native to Indonesia. Even so, the texture of the local catfish meat is tastier and fresher than African catfish. African catfish are considered more likely to produce larger harvest sizes because African catfish have higher feed efficiency and can be spawned throughout the year.

2. Sangkuriang Catfish

Sangkuriang catfish is a fish produced from genetic improvement carried out by the Freshwater Cultivation Development Center (BBPBAT). Apart from having more eggs than other types of catfish, the advantage of the sangkuriang catfish is that it can grow faster than local catfish and dumbo catfish.

3. Python catfish

It is called the python catfish because this catfish has a head shape that resembles a python. The size of the python catfish is longer and the shape of the tail is also more rounded compared to other types of catfish. Python catfish can withstand cold weather, so Survival Rate it has reached 90%.

4. Pearl Catfish

Matchless High Quality Catfish or commonly abbreviated Pearl Catfish has a faster growth 10-40% than other catfish. Pearl catfish is suitable for growing in water that has a temperature of 15-35 degrees Celsius with a pH of 5-10. This type of catfish can be harvested in just 2-3 months with a size of 6-10 fish/kg.

5. Local Catfish

Local catfish are native Indonesian catfish which have tasty meat with low fat content. However, its weakness is its relatively slow growth compared to other types of catfish so that its FCR number is high.

Stages of Catfish Cultivation

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Source: eFishery Documentation
The first stage in catfish farming is pond preparation. Catfish are suitable for cultivation in earthen ponds, concrete ponds, or tarpaulin ponds. Each pool has advantages and disadvantages. You just have to adjust it to your needs and desires. Before the catfish seeds are sown into the pond, the seeds should go through the acclimatization process first. The acclimatization process is a process carried out so that catfish seeds can make adjustments to new water conditions and ponds. The acclimatization process can be done by using a seed carrier container placed in the rearing pond. Leave it for about 15-20 minutes and then let the air around the pool enter the container. Next, put pool water into the container until the container is full. Finally, slowly pour the seeds into the pond. After the seedlings have gone through the acclimatization process, it's time for you to carefully spread the seeds into the pond. Make sure the water temperature in the cultivation column is the same as the pond temperature where the catfish was before. Furthermore, you can provide fish supplements after the catfish have been in the pond for 1 day. Supplements are useful for helping the formation of a good and healthy immune system, so catfish seeds don't get sick easily. Seeds that have been sown into ponds need 3-4 months to be ready for harvest. Catfish that are marketable are fish that have a size of 4-7 fish per kilogram. Before harvesting, catfish should be fasted for 1 day. This fasting process aims to empty the catfish stomach so that there is not too much dirt when it is consumed.

Tips for Cultivating Catfish

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Source: eFishery Documentation

1. Preparation of the Catfish Pond

In catfish farming, ponds are not only filled with water. Ponds need lime and fertilizer so that catfish can grow properly. Lime is useful for balancing pH and eradicating pathogenic microorganisms, while fertilizer is useful for growing plankton and phytoplankton which will become natural food for catfish. After sprinkling with lime and fertilizer, fill the pond with 30-40 cm of water and let it sit for a week in the sun. If the pond is green, it means that the natural food for catfish in the form of phytoplankton has grown. Then, fill the pool water gradually until it reaches a height of 100-120 cm.

2. Selection of Catfish Seeds

Before buying catfish seeds at a nursery, you should know the characteristics of quality seeds first. High quality catfish seeds have agile movements, dark skin color, and are 5-7 cm in size. In addition, good catfish seeds have a high appetite and do not have wounds on their bodies. The type of catfish that you will choose to cultivate must also be considered. This is because there are types of catfish that can grow quickly and some that grow slowly. So, adjust the type of catfish with cultivation needs, OK!

3. Selection of Catfish Feed

The ideal feed for the growth of catfish should contain about 30% of protein, 10-20% of carbohydrates, and other vitamins. In order not to get confused about managing the nutritional content in catfish feed, you can buy factory-made pellets. The nutrition in factory-made pellets has been regulated by a fish nutritionist. Pellets for catfish are divided into 2 types, namely floating pellets and sinking pellets. Floating pellets contain higher protein and are usually used by cultivators when the harvest season is approaching. To help you choose between natural and artificial feed, let's find out the differences between the two. Natural feed is feed made from ingredients derived from nature or organic materials, while artificial feed is feed that mass-produced in factories. You can give the catfish natural food in the form of snails, worms, fly maggots, water hyacinth, and fermented tofu dregs. For artificial feed, you can choose between floating pellets or sinking pellets.

4. Pest and Disease Prevention

The predatory pests that interfere with the growth of catfish are otters, snakes, sero, water weasels, and birds. You can install filters at the inlet and outlet of the water or install a fence around the pool to prevent pests. As for catfish disease, it is usually caused by protozoa, bacteria, and viruses. These three microorganisms can cause white spot disease, flatulence, and injuries to the head and tail which will kill the catfish. To prevent this, you must maintain water quality, control excess feed, maintain pond cleanliness, and maintain pond temperature in the range of 28 degrees Celsius.

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The tips and methods for cultivating catfish for beginners above can be applied at any time and by novice cultivators and senior cultivators. The key is patience in order to produce maximum yields.

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